News: Evgenios has been invited to write Review articles for 2020 issues of Science Advances and Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health, an Essay article for a 2020 issue of Advanced Sustainable Systems, and an Opinion article for a 2020 issue of Trends in Plant Science.​​

  1. Calabrese, E.J., and Agathokleous, E. (In Press). Smoke-water commonly induces hormetic dose responses in plants. Science of the Total Environment.

  2. Paoletti, E., Feng, Z., Fares, S., Sicard, P., Agathokleous, E., and De Marco, A. (In Press). Editorial: Interactions between ozone pollution and forest ecosystems. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change.

  3. Calabrese, E.J., Hanekamp, J.C., Hanekamp, Y.N., Kapoor, R., Dhawan, G., and Agathokleous, E. (In Press). Chloroquine commonly induces hormetic dose responses. Science of the Total Environment 142436. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142436  [Short Communication]

  4. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., Wang, X., Mao, Q., Harayama, H., Manning, W.J., and Koike, T. (In Press). Ethylenediurea (EDU) effects on Japanese larch: an one growing season experiment with simulated regenerating communities and a four growing season application to individual saplings. Journal of Forestry Research. DOI: 10.1007/s11676-020-01223-6

  5. Sicard, P., Paoletti, E., Agathokleous, E., Araminienė, V., Proietti, C., Coulibaly, F., and De Marco, A. (2020). Ozone weekend effect in cities: Deep insights for urban air pollution control. Environmental Research 191, 110193. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.110193

  6. Wang, Q., Li, Z., Li, X., Ping, Q., Yuan, X., Agathokleous, E., and Feng, Z. (2021). Interactive effects of ozone exposure and nitrogen addition on the rhizosphere bacterial community of poplar saplings. Science of the Total Environment 754: 142134. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142134

  7. Agathokleous, E., Carrari, E., and Sicard, P. (2020). SI: Air pollution and plant ecosystems. Climate 8(8), 91. DOI: 10.3390/cli8080091

  8. Saitanis, C.J., Sicard, P., De Marco, A., Feng, Z., Paoletti, E., and Agathokleous, E. (2020). On the atmospheric ozone monitoring methodologies. Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health 18, 40-46. DOI: 10.1016/j.coesh.2020.07.004 [Invited Review paper]

  9. Agathokleous, E., Feng, Z., Oksanen, E., Sicard, P., Wang, Q., Saitanis, C.J., Araminiene, V., Blande, J.D., Hayes, F., Calatayud, V., Domingos, M., Veresoglou, S.D., Peñuelas, J., Wardle, D.A., De Marco, A., Li, Z., Harmens, H., Yuan, X., Vitale, M., Paoletti, E. (2020). Ozone affects plant, insect, and soil microbial communities: A threat to terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity. Science Advances 6(33): eabc1176. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abc1176 [Invited Research paperThe paper has been covered in Science's This Week in Science; see the editorial here. Read also the News by IUFRO here.

  10. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., and Calabrese, E.J. (In Press). Hormesis: highly generalizable and beyond laboratory. Trends in Plant Science. DOI: 10.1016/j.tplants.2020.05.006  [Invited Opinion paper]

  11. Calabrese, E.J., Tsatsakis, A.M., Agathokleous, E., Giordano, J., and Calabrese, V. (2020). Does green tea induce hormesis? Dose-Response18(3), 7. DOI: 10.1177/1559325820936170

  12. Agathokleous, E., Saitanis, C.J., Feng, Z., De Marco, A., Araminiene, V., Domingos, M., Sicard, P., and Paoletti, E. (2020). Ozone biomonitoring: A versatile tool for science, education and regulation. Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health 18, 7-13. DOI: 10.1016/j.coesh.2020.04.005  [Invited Review paper]

  13. Novriyanti, E., Mao, Q., Agathokleous, E., Watanabe, M., Hashidoko, Y., and Koike, T. (In Press). Elevated CO2 offsets the alteration of foliar chemicals (n-icosane, geranyl acetate, and elixene) induced by elevated O3 in three taxa of O3-tolerant eucalypts. Journal of Forestry Research. DOI: 10.1007/s11676-020-01133-7

  14. Agathokleous, E., and Calabrese, E.J. (In Press). Environmental Toxicology and Ecotoxicology: How clean is clean? Rethinking dose-response analysis. Science of the Total Environment 138769. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138769

  15. Yu, Z., Zhou, G., Liu, S., Sun, P., and Agathokleous, E. (2020). Impacts of forest management on carbon accumulation of China’s forest plantations. Forest Ecology and Management 472, 118252. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118252

  16. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., Komatsu, M., Tamai, Y., Saito, H., Harayama, H., Uemura, A., Tobita, H., and Koike, T. (In Press). Effects of soil nutrient availability and ozone exposure on container-grown Japanese larch seedlings, and the role of soil microbes. Journal of Forestry Research. DOI: 10.1007/s11676-019-01056-y

  17. Agathokleous, E., Tsatsakis, A.M., and Calabrese, E.J. (2020). Hydrocarbon-induced hormesis: 101 years of evidence at the margin? Environmental Pollution 246, 114846. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.114846

  18. Sicard, P., De Marco, A., Agathokleous, E., Feng, Z., Xu, X., Paoletti, E., Diéguez Rodriguez, J.J., and Calatayud, V. (2020). Amplified ozone pollution in cities during the COVID-19 lockdown. Science of the Total Environment 735, 139542. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139542

  19. Hoshika, Y., Paoletti, E., Agathokleous, E., Sugai, T., and Koike, T. (2020). Developing ozone risk assessment for larch species. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 3: 45. DOI: 10.3389/ffgc.2020.00045

  20. Calabrese, E.J., and Agathokleous, E. (2020). Theodosius Dobzhanzky's view on biology and evolution v.2.0: "Nothing in biology makes sense except in light of evolution and evolution's dependence on hormesis-mediated acquired resilience that optimizes biological performance and numerous diverse short and longer term protective strategies". Environmental Research 186C: 109559. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.109559

  21. Agathokleous, E., Feng, ZZ., and Peñuelas, J. (2020) Chlorophyll hormesis: Are chlorophylls major components of stress biology in higher plants? Science of the Total Environment 726, 138637. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138637

  22. Sergievich, A.A., Khoroshikh, P.P., Artemenko, A.F., Zakharenko, A.M., Chaika, V.V., Kodintsev, V.V., Stroeva, O.A., Lenda, E.G., Tsatsakis, A., Burykina, T.I., Agathokleous, E., Kostoff, R.N., Zlatian, O., Docea, A.O., and Golokhvast, K.S. (2020). Behavioral impacts of a mixture of six pesticides on rats. Science of the Total Environment 727: 138491. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138491

  23. Sugai, T., Okamoto, S., Agathokleous, E., Masui, N., Satoh, F., and Koike, T. (2020). Leaf defense capacity of Japanese elm (Ulmus davidiana var. japonica) seedlings subjected to a nitrogen loading and insect herbivore dynamics in a free air ozone-enriched environment. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 27: 3350–3360. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-019-06918

  24. Agathokleous, E., Feng, Z., Iavicoli, I., and Calabrese, E.J. (2020). Nano-pesticides: A great challenge for biodiversity? The Need for a Broader Perspective. Nano Today 30C: 100808. DOI: 10.1016/j.nantod.2019.100808

  25. Li, P., Yin, Y., Shang, B., Agathokleous, E., Zhou, H., and Feng, Z. (2020). Interactive effects of ozone exposure and nitrogen addition on tree root traits and biomass allocation pattern: an experimental case study and a literature meta-analysis. Science of the Total Environment 710: 136379. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136379

  26. Masui, N., Mochizuki, T., Tani, A., Matsuura, H., Agathokleous, E., Watanabe T., and Koike, T. (2020). Does ozone alter the attractiveness of Japanese white birch leaves to the leaf beetle Agelastica coerulea via changes in biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs): An examination with the Y-tube test. Forests 11(1): 58. DOI: 10.3390/f11010058

  27. Paoletti, E., Feng, Z., De Marco, A., Hoshika, Y., Harmens, Y., Agathokleous, E., Domingos, M., Mills, G., Sicard, P., Zhang L., and Carrari, E. (2020). Challenges, gaps and opportunities in investigating the interactions of ozone pollution and plant ecosystems. Science of the Total Environment 709: 136188. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136188   

  28. Agathokleous, E., and Calabrese, E.J. (2020). A global environmental health perspective and optimisation of stress. Science of the Total Environment 704: 135263. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135263 

  29. Agathokleous, E., and Saitanis, C.J. (2020). Plant susceptibility to ozone: A Tower of Babel? Science of the Total Environment 703: 134962. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134962 

News: Evgenios has been invited to write Review and Perspective articles for 2019 issues of Trends in Plant Science and Global Food Security.​​
  1. Calabrese, E.J., Agathokleous, E., Kapoor, R., Kozumbo, W.J., and Rattan, S.I.S. (2019). Re-analysis of herbal extract data reveals that inflammatory processes are mediated by hormetic mechanisms. Chemico-Biological Interactions 314: 108844. DOI: 10.1016/j.cbi.2019.108844

  2. Agathokleous, E.,Feng, ZZ., and Calabrese, E.J. (2019). Systemic herbicide 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is another hormetin: What does it mean for agriculture and the environment? Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 67(35): 9695-9696. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.9b04757

  3. Feng, Z.-Z., Shang, B., Li, Z., Calatayud, V., and Agathokleous, E. (2019). Ozone will remain a threat for plants independently of nitrogen load. Functional Ecology 33: 1854–1870. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.13422

  4. Agathokleous, E., Feng, ZZ., Iavicoli, I., and Calabrese, E.J. (2019). The two faces of nanomaterials: A quantification of hormesis in algae and plants. Environment International 131: 105044. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.105044

  5. Hoshika, Y., De Carlo, A., Baraldi, R., Neri, L., Carrari, E., Agathokleous, E., Zhang, L., Fares, S., and Paoletti, E. (2019). Ozone-induced impairment of night -time stomatal closure in O3-sensitive poplar clone is affected by nitrogen but not by phosphorus enrichment. Science of the Total Environment 692: 713-722. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.288  

  6. Agathokleous, E. and Calabrese, E.J. (2019). Hormesis: The dose response for the 21st century: The future has arrived. Toxicology 425: 152249. DOI: 10.1016/j.tox.2019.152249   

  7. Agathokleous, E., Araminiene, V., Belz, R.G., Calatayud, V., De Marco, A., Domingos, M., Feng, Z., Hoshika, Y., Kitao, M., Koike, T., Paoletti, E., Saitanis, C.J., Sicard, P., and Calabrese, E.J. (2019). A quantitative assessment of hormetic responses of plants to ozone. Environmental Research 176: 108527. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.108527 

  8. Kitao, M., Tobita, H., Kitaoka, S., Harayama, H., Yazaki, K., Komatsu, E., Agathokleous, E., and Koike, T. (2019). Light energy partitioning under various environmental stresses combined with elevated CO2 in three deciduous broadleaf tree species in Japan. Climate 7(6): 79. DOI: 10.3390/cli7060079 [Feature paper]

  9. Harayama, H., Kitao, M., Agathokleous, E., and Ishida, A. (2019). Effects of major vein blockage and aquaporin inhibition on leaf hydraulics and stomatal conductance. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 286: 20190799. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2019.0799

  10. Agathokleous, E., Belz, R.G., Kitao, M., Koike, T., and Calabrese, E.J. (2019). Does the root to shoot ratio show a hormetic response to stress? An ecological and environmental perspective. Journal of Forestry Research 30(5): 1569-1580. DOI: 10.1007/s11676-018-0863-7

  11. Saitanis, C.J., and Agathokleous, E. (2019). Stress response and population dynamics: Is Allee effect hormesis? Science of the Total Environment 682: 623-628. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.212  

  12. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., and Harayama, H. (2019). On the non-monotonic, hormetic photoprotective response of plants to stress. Dose-Response 17(2): 1-3. DOI: 10.1177/1559325819838420 

  13. Agathokleous, E., and Calabrese, E.J. (2019). Hormesis can enhance agricultural sustainability in a changing world. Global Food Security 20C: 150-155. DOI: 10.1016/j.gfs.2019.02.005 [Invited Perspective paper]

  14. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., and Calabrese, E.J. (2019). Hormesis: A compelling platform for sophisticated plant science. Trends in Plant Science 24(4): 28-37. DOI: 10.1016/j.tplants.2019.01.004 [Invited Opinion paper]

  15. Agathokleous, E., WaiLi,  Y., Ntatsi, G., Konno, K., Saitanis, C.J., Kitao, M., and Koike, T. (2019). Effects of ozone and ammonium sulfate on cauliflower: emphasis on the interaction between plants and insect herbivores. Science of the Total Environment 659: 995-1007. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.388 

  16. Kitao, M., Kitaoka, S., Harayama, H., Agathokleous, E., Han, Q., Uemura, A., Furuya, N., and Ishibashi, S. (2019). Sustained growth reduction in forest-floor seedlings of Sakhalin fir associated with the previous-year springtime photodamage after a winter cutting of canopy trees. European Journal of Forestry Research 138: 143-150. DOI: 10.1007/s10342-018-1159-3 

  17. Agathokleous, E., Anav, A., Araminiene, V., De Marco, A., Domingos, M., Kitao, M., Koike, T., Manning, W.J., Paoletti, E., Saitanis, C.J., Sicard, P., Vitale, M., Wang, W., and Calabrese, E.J. (2019). Commentary: EPA’s proposed expansion of dose-response analysis is a positive step towards improving its ecological risk assessment. Environmental Pollution 246: 566-570. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.12.046 

  18. Calabrese, E.J.C., Agathokleous, E., Kozumbo, W.J., Stanek, E.J.III., and Leonard, D. (2019). Estimating the range of the maximum hormetic stimulatory response. Environmental Research 170: 337-343. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.020

  19. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., and Calabrese, E.J. (2019). New insights into the role of melatonin in plants and animals. Chemico-Biological Interactions 299: 163-167. DOI: 10.​1016/​j.​cbi.​2018.​12.​008 

  20. Araminiene, V., Sicard, P., Anav, A., Agathokleous, E., Stakėnas, V., De Marco A., Varnagirytė-Kabašinskienė, V., Paoletti, E., and Girgždienė, R. (2019). Trends and inter-relationships of ground-level ozone metrics and forest health in Lithuania. Science of the Total Environment 658: 1265-1277. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.092

  21. Calabrese, E.J. and Agathokleous, E. (2019). Building biological shields via hormesis. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences 40(1): 8-10. DOI: 10.1016/​ [Invited Forum paper]

  22. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., and Calabrese, E.J. (2019). Hormetic dose responses induced by lanthanum in plants. Environmental Pollution 244: 332-341. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.10.007

  23. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., Harayama, H., and Calabrese, E.J. (2019). Temperature-induced hormesis in plants. Journal of Forestry Research 30(1): 13-20. DOI: 10.1007/s11676-018-0790-7   

  24. Agathokleous, E., Belz, R.G., Calatayud, V., De Marco, A., Hoshika, Y., Kitao, M., Saitanis, C.J., Sicard, P., Paoletti, E., Calabrese, E.J., (2019). Predicting the effect of ozone on vegetation via the linear non-threshold (LNT), threshold and hormetic dose-response models. Science of the Total Environment 649: 61-74. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.264

  1. Kita, K., Kon, H., Ishizuka, W., Agathokleous, E., and Kuromaru, M. (2018). Survival rate and shoot growth of grafted Dahurian larch (Larix gmelinii var. japonica): a comparison between Japanese larch (L. kaempferi) and F1 hybrid larch (L. gmelinii var. japonica × L. kaempferi) rootstocks. Silvae genetica 67: 111-116. DOI:10.2478/sg-2018-0016 

  2. Abu ElEla S.A., Agathokleous, E., Ghazawy, N.A., Amin, T.R., ElSayed, Q.M., and Koike, T. (2018). Enzyme activity modification in adult beetles (Agelastica coerulea) inhabiting birch trees in an ozone-enriched atmosphere. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 25(32): 32675–32683. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-018-3243-0 [ Access to a full-text view-only version here]

  3. Sicard, P., Agathokleous, E., Araminiene, V., Carrari, E., Hoshika, Y., De Marco, A., and Paoletti, E. (2018). Should we see urban trees as effective solutions to reduce increasing ozone levels in cities? Environmental Pollution 243A: 163-176. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.08.049

  4. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., and Calabrese, E.J. (2018). Human and veterinary antibiotics induce hormesis in plants: scientific and regulatory issues and an environmental perspective. Environment International 120C: 489-495. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.08.035

  5. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., and Calabrese, E.J. (2018). Biphasic effect of abscisic acid on plants: a hormetic viewpoint. Botany 96(10): 637-642. DOI: 10.1139/cjb-2018-0076   *** This Commentary paper is featured in the November 2018’ Editor's Choice column of Botany. Read the comments by the Editor-in-Chief Prof. Christian Lacroix, Ph.Dhere.

  6. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., and Calabrese, E.J. (2018). Environmental hormesis and its fundamental biological basis: Rewriting the history of toxicology. Environmental Research 165C: 274-278. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2018.04.034

  7. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., and Calabrese, E.J. (2018). Emission of volatile organic compounds from plants shows a biphasic pattern within an hormetic context. Environmental Pollution 239: 318-321. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.04.031

  8. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., Qingnan, C., Saitanis, C.J., Paoletti, E., Manning, W.J., Watanabe, T., Koike, T. (2018). Effects of ozone (O3) and ethylenediurea (EDU) on the ecological stoichiometry of a willow grown in a free-air exposure system. Environmental Pollution 238C: 663-676. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.03.061 

  9. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., and Calabrese, E.J. (2018). The rare earth element (REE) lanthanum (La) induces hormesis in plants. Environmental Pollution 238: 1044-1047. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.02.068

  10. Agathokleous, E., and Kitao, M. (2018). Ethylenediurea (EDU) induces hormesis in plants. Dose-Response 16: 2. DOI: 10.1177/1559325818765280 

  11. Kitao, M., Harayama, H., Han, Q., Agathokleous, E., Uemura, A., Furuya, N., and Ishibashi, S. (2018). Springtime photoinhibition constrains regeneration of forest floor seedlings of Abies sachalinensis after a removal of canopy trees during winter. Scientific Reports 8: 6310. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-24711-6

  12. Abu ElEla S.A., Agathokleous, E., Koike, T. (2018). Growth and nutrition of Agelastica coerulea (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) larvae changed when fed with leaves obtained from an O3-enriched atmosphere. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 25(13): 13186-13194. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-018-1683-1

  13. Kitao, M., Kitaoka, S., Harayama, H., Tobita, H., Agathokleous, E., and Utsugi, H. (2018). Canopy nitrogen distribution is optimized to prevent photoinhibition throughout the canopy during sun flecks. Scientific Reports 8: 503. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-18766-0

  14. Agathokleous, E. (2018). Environmental hormesis, a fundamental non-monotonic biological phenomenon with implications in ecotoxicology and environmental safety. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 148: 1042-1053. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.12.003

  15. Agathokleous, E., Paoletti, E., Manning, W.J., Kitao, M., Saitanis, C.J., Koike, T. (2018). High doses of ethylenediurea (EDU) as soil drenches did not increase leaf N content or cause phytotoxicity in willow grown in fertile soil. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 147: 574-584. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.09.017

  16. Wang, X., Agathokleous, E., Qu, L., Fujita, S., Watanabe, M., Tamai, Y., Mao, Q., Koyama, A., Koike, T. (2018). Effects of simulated nitrogen deposition on ectomycorrhizae community structure in hybrid larch and its parents grown in volcanic ash soil: the role of phosphorous. Science of the Total Environment 618: 905-915. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.08.283

  17. Agathokleous, E., Kitao, M., Kinose, Y. (2018). A review study on O3 phytotoxicity metrics for setting critical levels in Asia. Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment 12(1): 1-16. DOI: 10.5572/ajae.2018.12.1.001

  18. Sugai, T., Kam, D.-G., Agathokleous, E., Watanabe, M., Kita, K., Koike, T. (2018). Growth and photosynthetic response of two larches exposed to O3 mixing ratios ranging from preindustrial to near future. Photosynthetica 56: 901-910. DOI: 10.1007/s11099-017-0747-7

  1. Agathokleous, E., Sakikawa, T., Abu ElEla S.A., Mochizuki, T., Nakamura, M., Watanabe, M., Kawamura, K., Koike, T. (2017). Ozone alters the feeding behavior of the leaf beetle Agelastica coerulea (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) into leaves of Japanese white birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica). Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24: 17577–17583. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-9369-7

  2. Agathokleous, E. (2017). Perspectives for elucidating the ethylenediurea (EDU) mode of action for protection against O3 phytotoxicity. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 142: 530-537. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.04.057

  3. Agathokleous, E., Vanderstock, A., Kita, K., Koike, T. (2017). Stem and crown growth of Japanese larch and its hybrid F1 grown in two soils and exposed to two free-air O3 regimes. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24: 6634-6647. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-8401-2 

  4. Agathokleous, E., Saitanis, C.J., Burkey, K.O., Ntatsi, G., Vougeleka, V., Mashaheet, A-S.M., and Pallides, A. (2017). Application and further characterization of the snap bean S156/R123 ozone biomonitoring system in relation to ambient air temperature. Science of the Total Environment 580: 1046-1055. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.12.059


  1. Agathokleous, E., Paoletti, E., Saitanis, C.J., Manning, W.J., Sugai, T., Koike, T. (2016). Impacts of ethylene diurea (EDU) soil drench and foliar spray in Salix sachalinensis protection against O3-induced injury. Science of the Total Environment 573: 1053-1062. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.08.183

  2. Agathokleous, E., Saitanis, C.J., Stamatelopoulos, D., Mouzaki-Paxinou, A.-C., Paoletti, E., Manning, W.J. (2016). Olive oil for dressing plant leaves so as to avoid O3 injury. Water, Air & Soil Pollution 227:282. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-016-2986-9

  3. Agathokleous, E., Paoletti, E., Saitanis, C.J., Manning, W.J., Koike, T. (2016). High doses of ethylene diurea (EDU) are not toxic to willow and act as nitrogen fertilizer. Science of the Total Environment 566-567: 841-850. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.05.122

  4. Agathokleous, E., Watanabe, M., Eguchi, N., Nakaji, T., Satoh, F., Koike, T. (2016). Root production of Fagus crenata Blume saplings grown in two soils and exposed to elevated CO2 concentration: an 11-year free-air-CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiment in northern Japan. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 227: 187. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-016-2884-1

  5. Agathokleous, E., Mouzaki-Paxinou, A.-C., Saitanis, C.J., Paoletti, E., Manning, W.J. (2016) The first toxicological study of the antiozonant and research tool ethylene diurea (EDU) using a Lemna minor L. bioassay: Hints to its mode of action. Environmental Pollution 213: 996-1006. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2015.12.051

  6. Shi, C., Kitao, M., Agathokleous, E., Watanabe, M., Tobita, H., Yazaki. K., Kitaoka, S., Koike, T. (2016). Foliar chemical composition of two oak species grown in a free-air enrichment system with elevated O3 and CO2. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology 72(1): 50-58. DOI: 10.2480/agrmet.D-14-00018

  7. Agathokleous, E., Watanabe, M., Nakaji, T., Wang, X., Satoh, F., and Koike, T. (2016). Impact of elevated CO2 on root traits of a sapling community of three birches and an oak: a free-air-CO2 enrichment (FACE) in northern Japan. Trees: Structure and Function, 30: 353-362. DOI: 10.1007/s00468-015-1272-6

  8. Wang, XN., Agathokleous, E., Qu, L., Watanabe, M., Koike, T. (2016). Effects of CO2 and/or O3 on the interaction between root of woody plants and ectomycorrhizae. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 72(2): 95-105. DOI: 10.2480/agrmet.D-14-00045 

  9. Agathokleous, E., Saitanis, C.J., Wang, X., Watanabe, M., Koike, T. (2016). A review study on past 40 years of research on effects of tropospheric O3 on belowground structure, functioning and processes of trees: a linkage with potential ecological implications. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 227:33. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-015-2715-9 


  1. Saitanis, C., Panagopoulos, G., Dasopoulou, V., Agathokleous, E., Papatheohari, Y. (2015). Integrated assessment of ambient ozone phytotoxicity in Greece's Tripolis Plateau. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 71(2): 55-64. DOI: 10.2480/agrmet.D-14-00030 

  2. Saitanis, C.J., Lekkas, D.V., Agathokleous, E., Flouri, F. (2015). Screening agrochemicals as potential protectants of plants against ozone phytotoxicity. Environmental Pollution, 197: 247-255. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2014.11.013

  3. Agathokleous, E., Koike, T., Watanabe, M., Hoshika, Y., Saitanis, C.J. (2015). Ethylene-di-urea (EDU), an effective phytoprotectant against O3 deleterious effects and a valuable research tool. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 71(3): 185-195. DOI: 10.2480/agrmet.D-14-00017

  4. Koike, T., Watanabe, M., Watanabe, Y., Agathokleous, E., Eguchi, N., Takagi, K., Satoh, F., Kitaoka, S., Funada, R. (2015). Ecophysiology of deciduous trees native to Northeast Asia grown under FACE (Free Air CO2 Enrichment). Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 71(3): 174-184. DOI: 10.2480/agrmet.D-14-00020

  5. Agathokleous, E., Saitanis, C.J., Koike, T. (2015). Tropospheric O3, the nightmare of wild plants: A review study. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology, 71(2):142-152. DOI: 10.2480/agrmet.D-14-00008


  1. Agathokleous, E., Saitanis, C.J., Papatheohari, Y. (2014). Evaluation of Di-1-p-menthene as antiozonant on Bel-W3 tobacco plants, as compared with Ethylenediurea. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 225: 2139. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-014-2139-y

  2. Saitanis, C.J., Bari, S.M., Burkey, K.M., Stamatelopoulos, D., Agathokleous, E. (2014). Screening of Bangladeshi winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars for sensitivity to ozone. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21(23): 13560-13571. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-014-3286-9



  1. Agathokleous, E., Carrari, E., and Sicard, P. (2020). Air Pollution and Plant Ecosystems: Printed Edition of the Special Issue Published in Journal of Climate. MDPI, Basel, Switzerland, 101p. ISBN:978-3-03943-284-4

Book Chapters

  1. Agathokleous, E., and Calabrese, E.J. (2020). Chapter 21. An Environmental Perspective on Health. In: Rattan, S ed. Healthy Ageing and Longevity, Volume: Explaining Health across the Sciences, 1st edition (Sholl, J. and S. Rattan eds), 688p (ISBN-10: 3030526623). Springer-Nature. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-52663-4_21

  2. Saitanis, C.J., Agathokleous, E., Burkey, K., and Hung, Y.T. (2020). Chapter 8.       Ground Level Ozone Profile and the Role of Plants as Sources and Sinks.  In: Hung, Y.T., Wang, L.K., and N. Shammas eds. Handbook of Environment and Waste Management, Volume 3: Acid Rain and Greenhouse Gas Pollution Control, pp. 281-324. (ISBN-10: 9811207127). World Scientific Publishing Co. Inc, Singapore, 14 August 2020. DOI: 10.1142/9789811207136_0008

  3. Saitanis, C.J., Burkey, K., Agathokleous, E., and Hung, Y.T. (2020). Chapter 9. Ambient Ozone Alternative Monitoring and Biomonitoring with Higher Plants. In: Hung, Y.T., Wang, L.K., and N. Shammas eds. Handbook of Environment and Waste Management, Volume 3: Acid Rain and Greenhouse Gas Pollution Control, pp. 325-356 (ISBN-10: 9811207127). World Scientific Publishing Co. Inc, Singapore, 14 August 2020. DOI: 10.1142/9789811207136_0009

  4. Burkey, K., Agathokleous, E., Saitanis, C.J., and Hung, Y.T. (2020). Chapter 10. Ozone Effects on Vegetation: A Walk from Cells to Ecosystems. In: Hung, Y.T., Wang, L.K., and N. Shammas eds. Handbook of Environment and Waste Management, Volume 3: Acid Rain and Greenhouse Gas Pollution Control, pp. 357-396 (ISBN-10: 9811207127). World Scientific Publishing Co. Inc, Singapore, 14 August 2020. DOI: 10.1142/9789811207136_0010

  5. Agathokleous, E., Markouizou, A., and Saitanis, C.J. (2020). Chapter 6. The Phenomenon of Hormesis in Toxicology. In: Tsatsakis, A. ed. Toxicology in the Modern World, pp. 75-90. NEON Medical Publications. ISBN: 978-618-84478-0-6 (in Greek language)

  6. Koike, T., Kitao, M., Hikosaka, K., Agathokleous, E., Watanabe, Y., Watanabe, M., Eguchi, E. and Funada, R. (2018) Photosynthetic and Photosynthesis-Related Responses of Japanese Native Trees to CO2: Results from Phytotrons, Open-Top Chambers, Natural CO2 Springs, and Free-Air CO2 Enrichment. In: Adams WW and I. Terashima eds. The Leaf:  A Platform for Performing Photosynthesis, Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration 44, Chapter 15, pp. 425-449. Springer, Cham. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-93594-2_15

Research Materials

  1. Agathokleous, E., Saitanis, C.J., Satoh, F., and Koike, T. (2015). Wild plant species as subjects in O3 research. Eurasian Journal of Forest Research, 18(1): 1-36. LINK

  2. Agathokleous, E., Koike, T., Saitanis, C.J., Watanabe, M., Satoh, F., and Hoshika, Y. (2015). Ethylenediurea (EDU) as a protectant of plants against O3. Eurasian Journal of Forest Research, 18(1): 37-50. LINK


  1. Vanderstock, A., Agathokleous, E., Inoue, W., Eguchi, N., Nakamura, M., Satoh, F., Kanie, S., and Koike, T. (2016). Preliminary survey on insect grazing in white birch stands under free-air O3 fumigation. Boreal Forest Research 64: 27-29.

  2. Agathokleous, E., Paoletti, E., Manning, W.J., Satoh, F., and Koike, T. (2015). Ethylenediurea (EDU) as a soil drench to reduce O3 impact on willow (Salix sachalinensis) cuttings: A preliminary observation using a free-air O3 fumigation system. Boreal Forest Research 63: 43-45.

  3. Kam, DG., Agathokleous, E., Watanabe, M., Takagi, K., Satoh, F., Kita, K., and Koike, T. (2015). Production efficiency of needles of two larches sp. raised under a free air ozone fumigation system in combination with nitrogen application. Boreal Forest Research 63: 41-42.

Scientific Reports

  1. Fujita, S., Agathokleous, E., and Koike, T. (2017). Introduction of IUFRO Regional Congress for Asia and Oceania 2016. IUFRO-J News 119: 4-7. (in Japanese)

  2. Velissariou, D., Saitanis, C.J., Karandinos, M.G., Riga-Karandinos, A.N., Lekkas, D., and Agathokleous, E. (2014). Greece - Phytotoxicity of tropospheric ozone. In Air Pollution: Deposition to and impacts on vegetation in (South-)East Europe, Caucasus, Central Asia (EECCA/SEE) and South-East Asia (ed. by Harmens, H., and Mills, G.). ICP Vegetation Programme Coordination Centre, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bangor, UK, pp. 59-60.


Evgenios Agathokleous

Professor, PhD



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© 2017 By Evgenios Agathokleous