Starting from 2020, one selected paper per year will be presented here. 

MICROPLASTICS INDUCE ECOLOGICAL RISKS AND THREATEN BIODIVERISTY

A new review published in the Journal of Hazardous Materials synthesizes ecological risks of microplastics' pollution and its potential effects on diversity.

This study suggests that microplastics pollution presents an imminent threat to biodiversity, affecting the structure, composition, and function of microbial communities in both the gut and the environment. This study also demonstrates that microplastic pollution can affect biogeochemical cycles, fluxes of greenhouse gases, and atmospheric chemistry, with a possibility for degraded air quality.

 

According to the lead author, Prof. Evgenios Agathokleous of the Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, China, “the study provides a unique perspective for realizing and combating the imminent threat of microplastic pollution to biodiversity and ecosystems' health, which may impede achieving the Goals of Sustainable Development".

Agathokleous, E., et al. (2021). Ecological risks in a ‘plastic’ world: A threat to biological diversity? Journal of Hazardous Materials 417: 126035. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.126035

Source: International Union of Forest Research Organizations | Published August 13, 2020

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OZONE AFFECTS PLANT, INSECT, AND SOIL MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES AND THREATENS TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY

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A new study published in Science Advances provides the first comprehensive assessment of how ozone pollution can alter the structure and function of terrestrial ecosystems.

The results of this study suggest that ozone should be included in global assessments of threats to terrestrial biodiversity. “The study sets the path forward for a new generation of studies that will address ozone impacts on the biodiversity, and is expected to generate much interest for advanced interdisciplinary researches addressing this environmental issue” says the lead author, Prof. Evgenios Agathokleous of the Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, China.

Read More at IUFRO's Press Release here.

Reference: Agathokleous, E., et al. (2020). Ozone affects plant, insect, and soil microbial communities: A threat to terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity. Science Advances 6: eabc1176. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abc1176

Source: International Union of Forest Research Organizations | Published August 13, 2020